A little known program called the U Visa can provide some measure of benefit to undocumented immigrants who are the victims of crimes. The U Visa allows an undocumented immigrant to stay in the country legally for 4 years, and to seek permanent residence after three years.
To qualify for a U Visa, an undocumented immigration must be the victim of a an assault or another serious crime involving substantial physical or mental abuse, and must cooperate with law enforcement officials. 10,000 U Visas have been authorized annually. Family members can also benefit from this visa (which also includes work authorization).
This program is an important step in encouraging undocumented immigrants to report crime and to recover from their injuries.